Energy Safe Victoria

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Using LPG safely

As Victoria’s safety regulator, ESV’s principal role is to ensure the safe and efficient supply of energy to all Victorians. This includes providing the community with information and resources on the safe use of electricity and gas, including Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG).

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is easily transported and a popular energy source for cooking, heating, water heating, refrigeration and lighting on boats, in caravans, in campervans and when camping.

The cylinders used in boats, campervans and caravans are typically smaller than those fixed outside the home and are generally 9 kg capacity or less. These cylinders are usually filled by decanting from a storage cylinder, at a service station or LPG supplier – not from an Autogas bowser. Exchange cylinders are readily available.

For some appliances the moderately high pressure inside the cylinder is controlled to a steady low level. Camping stoves and lamps, however, may be designed to operate directly on cylinder pressure, and some use disposable canisters.

Outdoor LPG-fuelled appliances present a danger of carbon monoxide poisoning if used in areas with insufficient ventilation, and should never be used inside. Carbon monoxide (CO) is a silent killer – it is an odourless, colourless gas and it can be fatal or cause serious and long term health conditions.

Visit our campaign page Beware carbon monoxide for more information about the hazards and how to ensure your family is safe from CO poisoning.

Using LPG cylinders

To reduce safety risks when using LPG cylinders, you should:

  • only use LPG cylinders which have been tested within the last 10 years. The cylinder should be marked with the test date
  • fill LPG cylinders at authorised filling stations staffed by trained personnel
  • carefully read and comply with the connection instructions supplied with the LPG cylinder
  • regularly check cylinder fittings are clean and tight. You can use soapy water to check for leaks – Look before you cook!
  • use a regulator between the LPG cylinder and the appliance being powered by the LP gas, unless the appliance is a portable type designed for high pressure gas
  • turn the gas off at the cylinder if you suspect a leak
  • only use LPG cylinders in well ventilated outdoor areas – never indoors,
  • keep the LPG cylinder upright with its relief valves clear
  • place the LPG cylinder on a firm level base of non-combustible material.

To safely use LPG cylinders, you should not:

  • overfill the LPG cylinder,
  • connect LPG cylinders to appliances designed for natural gas, or
  • use leaking, damaged or corroded LPG cylinders.

Gas-fuelled cars and other vehicles

Natural Gas and LPG are used as an automotive fuel throughout Australia and around the world. In Australia, compressed Natural Gas is used on transit buses passenger vehicles and forklifts. LPG is commonly used in forklifts, passenger vehicles, vans and trucks and also supplements diesel in some large trucks.

Gas fuelled vehicles and their refuelling stations are not under the jurisdiction of Energy Safe Victoria.

Contact us

If you have any queries in relation to gas and LPG safety or our public awareness campaigns, please contact ESV on 03 9203 9700 or by email on